Bariatric Surgery May Benefit DiabeticsJun 19, 2019
The American Diabetes Association reports that nearly 18.8 million children and adults in the United States have diabetes. These twin epidemics of obesity and diabetes have seen an increase in recent years because the rate of obesity among adults has doubled since 1980 and being overweight is one of the primary changeable risk factors for type 2 diabetes.
Carrying excess body weight raises the risk of developing diabetes because it increases the body’s resistance to insulin, making it harder to lower blood glucose. Over an extended period of time, people with elevated blood sugar levels and diabetes may experience heart disease, stroke, blindness, kidney failure, leg and foot amputations, and complications during pregnancy.
Many people who are obese or morbidly obese (have a BMI that is over 40) turn to bariatric surgery to help them lose weight when other weight loss efforts fail. The popularity of weight loss surgery has jumped with gastric bypass surgery accounting for 80% of all weight loss surgery in the U.S. Bariatric surgery helps achieve long-term weight loss by either reducing the size of the stomach to decrease food intake, or by shortening the small intestine to reduce the amount of nutrient absorption.
In addition to helping patients lose weight, bariatric surgery also has shown to decrease the incidence of type 2 diabetes. A study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association showed that obese patients with type 2 diabetes who underwent gastric banding were five times more likely to have their diabetes go into complete remission compared with patients who followed conventional weight loss therapies. Other studies have reported similar results. However, studies have not been conducted on patients with diabetes who are not overweight or obese to evaluate whether they would experience the same outcomes. This is because these patients do not have a BMI greater than 35 that would qualify them for bariatric surgery.
Improvement in diabetes following bariatric surgery happens prior to substantial weight loss. Research has shown this occurs because hormones in the stomach that has been altered by surgery can manage blood glucose levels better than just weight loss by itself. These hormones help control food intake and improve insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity, resulting in a stabilization of blood sugar levels.
In addition to improving diabetes, those who undergo weight loss surgery also experience positive effects on other conditions associated with obesity, including hypertension, high cholesterol, sleep apnea, joint disease, asthma and infertility.
Monthly Surgical Weight Loss Seminars
Presented By: Dr. Andrade Werner
Tuesday, May 29th 7:00 PM in the Main Lobby Auditorium
North Shore Medical Center
1100 NW 95th Street
Miami, FL 33150
For more information and to make a reservation call 1-844-319-6838.